Roofs come in pitched or angled type, or “flat” but in reality is very slightly angled. Fact is, most roofs are pitched. To suit different situations, there are many types of pitched roofs. This resulted in many types variations on the basic design and several combinations of design elements with construction techniques.
Pitched Roofs Types
There are four main designs of pitched roofs and there are many variations on these themes. Conferring to their shape is how roofs are usually defined. Each type of roof can be made in ways different from another and using different materials.
The gabled roof is the archetype most often occurring roof shape in cold or temperate climates parts of the world. Consisting of two roof sections, with opposite directions slopes and laid such that it meets to form the roof ridge from the highest, horizontal edges. By using rafters, roof trusses or purlins is how this design type of roof is achieved. It varies greatly for the pitch of the roof and the height of the gutters.
Gable roofs advantages are the following: may be designed in different ways, weather-resistant, inexpensive, patterned on a simple design principle. Gable roofs have also some disadvantages like for illumination purposes, only roof windows and gable windows may be used, and there is a loss of living space as a result of low-pitch gable roofs result. This may be partly avoided by the installing dormers.
A type of roof where all sides slope descending to the walls, normally with a fairly gentle slope. There are no gables or other vertical sides to the roof for a hipped roof house.
Shed Style a style of architectural roof that uses a single-sloped roof, also known as “shed roofs.” During the 1970s and 1980s, when Shed style architecture became very popular.
Also known as French roof or curb roof, a mansard or mansard roof is a four-sided gambrel-style hip roof presented by two slopes on each of its sides with the slope beneath, slit by dormer windows, at a vertical angle than the top. It reduces the overall height of the roof for a given number of habitable stories as the steep roof with windows creates an additional floor of habitable space. When viewed from nearness to the building, the upper slope of the roof may not be visible from street level.